Kids & Teens

Happy mixed race father and daughter brushing their teeth together in a bathroom at home. Single African American parent teaching his daughter to protect her teeth

Setting proper dental health habits is important for children. These will differ depending on your child’s age. Talk to your dentist if you have any questions or concerns regarding proper dental treatment for your child.

Newborns and infants

Baby teeth start to emerge between six and nine months of age. These milk teeth or first teeth help your child eat and speak and also help the adult teeth come in straight. Tender gums are associated with each stage of tooth emergence, which can make your child irritable. It helps to rub the gums with your finger, a small cool spoon, or a teething ring that has been placed in the fridge.

Children and adolescents

The first teeth start to fall out around the ages of six to eight. Most permanent teeth, except for wisdom teeth, should come in by the age of 13.


Dental health is very important in the teen years. The choices you make as a teen can significantly impact your dental health. Making healthy choices can help lead to positive dental health.

Start good habits early to keep your child’s teeth and gums healthy. Children and teens should:

  • Brush twice and floss once per day.
  • Reduce sugar intake. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria that feed on sugar.
  • Limit snacking.
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Wear a mouthguard to protect teeth when playing sports.

Canadian Dental Association – Dental Care for Children
Alberta Health Services – Preschool Oral Health Services